COVID Testing Available At Both Locations: Rapid, PCR, and Antibody testing.

Skip to main content

Understanding Your Cholesterol Numbers: A Guide for Patients

What is Cholesterol?

Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance that's found in all cells of the body. Cholesterol travels through your blood and helps to make hormones like testosterone and estrogen. It also helps to make vitamin D, which keeps bones strong and healthy.

Cholesterol comes in two forms: HDL (high-density lipoprotein) cholesterol and LDL (low-density lipoprotein) cholesterol. High levels of HDL are associated with lower risk for heart disease; high levels of LDL are associated with an increased risk for heart disease.

Why is Cholesterol Important?

Cholesterol is a waxy substance that's present in all cells of the body. It's essential for normal body function, but too much cholesterol can cause health problems.
Cholesterol is measured as:

What are Normal Cholesterol Levels?

What Can I Do to Manage My Cholesterol Levels?

The first step to managing your cholesterol is to make sure you're getting the right amount of exercise. You should aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity on most days of the week. If you can't fit in that much time, try to do at least 10 minutes at least five days a week.

If diet changes are in order for you, make them gradual so that your body has time to adjust and adapt. Start by eliminating foods high in saturated fat from your diet (like red meat) and replacing them with healthier options like fish or poultry without skin; nuts; seeds; low-fat dairy products like yogurt; beans/legumes such as lentils or black beans; whole grains (such as brown rice); fresh fruits; vegetables

When Should I See My Primary Care Physician?

How Can My Primary Care Physician Help Me Manage My Cholesterol?

Your primary care physician is an important part of your health team and can help you manage your cholesterol. Your doctor can provide advice on lifestyle changes, medications and supplements that may be appropriate for you.

Are There Any Tests to Monitor Cholesterol Levels?

Are There Any Complications of Uncontrolled Cholesterol Levels?

If you have high cholesterol and don't take steps to control it, there are several potential complications. These include:

Are There Any Risk Factors for High Cholesterol?

There are several risk factors that can increase your chances of developing high cholesterol. These include:


If you're concerned about your cholesterol numbers, it's important to see a primary care physician. They can help manage the condition and determine if further testing is necessary. If you have questions or want to schedule an appointment contact us at (212) 991-9991. 

You Might Also Enjoy...

5 Encouraging Facts About Type 2 Diabetes

5 Encouraging Facts About Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a serious disease, but not everything about it is dismal. In fact, there’s a lot of hope to be had once you’re diagnosed, including ways to protect yourself from complications.
5 Lab Tests That Can Be Performed In-House

5 Lab Tests That Can Be Performed In-House

Whether you want to rule out an infection or get treatment and relief quickly, an in-house lab test may be your best bet. Learn about how the tests work and which five we regularly perform.